Titans of Hypermedia

Key contributors to the rise of hypermedia to be covered in the course of the book’s narrative.

H. G. Wells

H. G. Wells

H.G. Wells’ proposal for an Authoritative World Encyclopedia (and his attempt to fund its development) anticipated the eventual global ubiquity of access to knowledge through new kinds of media.

 

Vannevar Bush

Vannevar Bush

Bush’s August 1945 article, As We May Think, set out the goal of building a desk-like Memex, and anticipated the need for linking documents and user-created connections through what he called “associative indexing.”

JCR Licklider

JCR Licklider

Licklider’s has been called the “Johnny Appleseed” of interactive computing because of his central role in launching a series of projects that eventually gave rise to the Internet and global hypermedia.

Doug Engelbart

Doug Engelbart

Engelbart’s pioneering work in human augmentation and human-computer interaction led to his invention of, among other things, the mouse and windows-based computing.

 

Ted Nelso

Ted Neslon

Nelson invented the modern concept of hypertext after anticipating how the rise of ubiquitous computing could extend Vannevar Bush’s concept of associative indexing into all creative media.

Tim Berners-Lee

Tme Berners-Lee

 

Berners-Lee created the World Wide Web by leveraging the rise of the Internet and Nelson’s seminal concepts of hypermedia, but with a strategic piecemeal approach that started with hyper-linking, expecting that the missing elements of hypermedia would evolve into place later.

Marc Andreeessen

Marc Andreessen

Andreessen’s invention of the Mosaic web browser made the Web far easier to access and therefore made the Web seem fun and user friendly, sparking the Internet boom of the mid and late 1990s.

 

Jon Postel

Jon Postel

 

Postel, known as the “Czar of the Internet,” was a central figure in the creation of Internet technical standards and the administration of its key resources, and insisted on the sharing of authority among accountable “responsible parties.”

 

Jeff Bezos

Jeff Bezos

BezosĀ  mastery of leveraging the Internet and the Web as platforms for content set the stage for the Web’s evolution from hyper-linking to hyper-mixing.

Mark Zuckerberg

Mark Zuckerberg

Mark Zuckerberg’s vision of “radical transparency” is overturning the document-based model of hypertext inherent in Berners-Lee’s design for the Web, pioneering the transition from hyper-mixing to hyper-sourcing.